Essure is a non-surgical form of sterilization. A health care provider places a small metal wire into the vagina, through the cervix, and into the fallopian tube. Since these tiny wires are inserted through the vagina and cervix, no incision is needed. Scar tissue grows around the wire and blocks off the fallopian tube, thereby preventing any eggs from being fertilized after they are released from the ovaries.
Essure is permanent, but keep in mind that it is not effective immediately. You should use a back-up method for three months after the procedure, then return to your provider to make sure the tubes are blocked using an x-ray or an MRI. About 95% of women have blocked tubes after three months, so it’s important to make sure you’re not among the other 5% before you stop using your back-up method.
Essure will no longer be sold after the end of 2018. Find out more here.